Living Trust Basics: Part 2

According to an op-ed article posted at, the pandemic has inspired a rise in estate planning. In a survey conducted for, 32% of young people ages 18 to 34 said they created a will because of Covid -19.  The LegalZoom survey found that 62% of Americans don’t have a will, and those who do, 12% created them in the past 12 months.  The reasons for why many Americans have not followed through with estate planning are many and varied:  for some, they may mistakenly believe they don’t have enough assets to justify estate planning, or for others they may erroneously think that they are too young to worry about.  However, one of the most common reasons for delaying estate planning is a general feeling of helplessness by being overwhelmed with what to do and how to get started.  Source:

Get Started on Estate Planning with David Knecht Law Consultation

At David Knecht Law, we have extensive experience in estate planning.  We can meet with you, understand your objectives, analyze your assets and liabilities, and help you establish a plan that is tailored to you and your family.  

We also publish articles to help you understand estate planning, and today we will discuss part two, with a sequel to our first article about Living Trust Basics.  (Source:

  1. What is a Living Trust?

A Living Trust is a legal tool for financial planning that allows a person (Trustee) to hold another person’s (Settlor’s) property for the benefit of someone else (Beneficiary). Unlike a testamentary trust, a Living Trust goes into effect during the settlor’s lifetime.

  1. Does a Living Trust have tax benefits?

Yes, a Living Trust may have tax benefits, depending on your specific situation and the type of Living Trust you use.  Several kinds of Living Tursts let you avoid, reduce or postpone federal estate taxes. 

  1. How much of my property is exempt from estate tax?

The federal estate tax is based on the gross value of the property you own or control at the time of your death, over a certain amount.  Taxable property includes property in a trust that is revocable by you or over which you have excessive rights to use the property in it for your benefit, property in your name, funds from IRA’s, retirement benefits or life insurance and property held in joint tenancy.  The tax rate depends on the year of your death. 

  1. What happens if I die or become incompetent?

With most Living Trusts, someone else, like a trusted friend, relative, or a professional trustee, will take over as trustee when you die or become incompetent.   At that point, the trustee has certain legal duties, which can include managing or investing your property, spending trust assets on your behalf (if you are still alive), and paying all your debts and distributing or managing all trust assets according to your instructions when you die.  

  1. Are all the assets distributed immediately?

Not necessarily.  Sometimes the terms of the trust will direct the trustee not to distribute the assets right away.  The beneficiaries may be children or considered too young to handle their inheritance.  The successor trustee does not need to ask the court to get involved and will typically need only the trust document and death certificate. 

  1. With a Living Trust, do I still need a Will?

Yes, it’s typically a good idea to have a Will in conjunction with a Living Trust for any new property that is acquired after the trust is created and for a guardian if you have young children.  You should sign a “Pourover Will” along with your Living Trust. The Pourover Will is a back-up for any property that might not have been properly transferred to the Living Trust during the settlor’s lifetime.  Without a Pourover Will, any property acquired after you set up your Living Trust that inadvertently is listed in your name rather than in the name of your trust would normally pass to your heirs as determined under State law, who may or may not be the same people that you name in your trust to receive your assets at your death. The Pourover Will will ensure that any such assets will be added to your trust so that they will be ultimately distributed to the beneficiaries you name in your trust.  If you have minor children, you can use your Will to establish a guardian for your children if both you and the other parent die. 

If you are interested in more information about how a Living Trust may be a useful tool for your estate planning, please contact the Law Office of David Knecht, at 707-451-4502.


Living Trust Basics: Part 1

If the COVID-19 pandemic has you thinking about the importance of estate planning, you are not alone.  In a study reported at, the results showed that more than 60% of respondents believed that estate planning is important, but unfortunately less than 25% of those that responded actually had a will set up.  Perhaps the reason why so many people haven’t followed through on their estate planning goals is a lack of knowledge about the tools and resources that are available.  At David Knecht Law, we have extensive experience in estate planning.  We can meet with you, understand your objectives, analyze your assets and liabilities, and help you establish a plan that is tailored to you and your family.  

This article will help you understand one estate planning tool, which is a living trust. (source:

  1. What is a Living Trust?

A Living Trust is a legal tool for financial planning that allows a person (Trustee) to hold another person’s (Settlor’s) property for the benefit of someone else (Beneficiary). Unlike a testamentary trust, a Living Trust goes into effect during the settlor’s lifetime.

  1. Can you keep full control over the property once a trust is set up?  

Yes, you can keep full control over the property and have the right to use and spend that property as if it had never been put into trust.  In most cases, the settlor, trustee, and beneficiary are the same person (at least until that person dies or becomes incompetent). In other words, if you set up a Living Trust, you can be the settlor, the trustee and the beneficiary of the trust.

  1. What are some of the potential advantages of a Living Trust?

Some of the advantages of a living trust are:

  • You avoid probate – If all your property is in trust wen you die or become incompetent, then legally you don’t own anything in your name, so you can avoid probate, which is the formal court administration of a decedent’s estate. 
  • Tax planning – a Living Trust may help avoid or reduce estate taxes, gift taxes and income taxes.
  • Control – a Living Trust lets you decide what will happen to your property after death. 
  • Protection Against Beneficiary Creditors – sometimes trusts can protect assets received by the beneficiaries from their creditors
  • Privacy – a trust is not a public record, so the general public who is not a beneficiary does not have a right to know about the assets in your trust.  However, when you die, all the named beneficiaries and successors at law have a right to a copy of your trust. 

If you are interested in more information about how a Living Trust may be a useful tool for your estate planning, please contact the Law Office of David Knecht, at 707-451-4502.


First Steps in Dealing with the Estate when Someone Dies

When a person passes, the family and friends left behind will often wonder what to do.  This article will provide an overview of how to deal with the estate.  Source:  It isn’t uncommon for people to feel completely overwhelmed with the task of figuring out the estate when they are already overcome with grief and pain from the passing, so feel free to reach out to the Law Office of David Knecht for a consultation on how we can help you through this difficult time. 


  • Find out who will be the estate representative. 


The first step is to find out who will be the estate representative.  If there is a will, then the person named as executor in the will is the representative.  If there is no will, there are two possibilities:  Under certain conditions, the estate can pass through simplified procedures informally, and under other conditions, the case has to go through a formal probate court case where the court appoints an administrator. 


  • The estate representative should start gathering information and fulfilling duties. 


The role of the estate representative is to  are many important steps the estate representative is to take care of the estate and make sure it is distributed correctly.  This can include many steps, a few examples of which are as follows:  Get certified copies of the death certificate, find the will, collect and safeguard assets such as bank account funds, life insurance proceeds, veteran’s benefits, Social Security death and survivor benefit, real property (homes, cabins), collect the mail and any important papers, cancel credit cards and subscriptions, and manage digital assets (like a social media profile), notify the Franchise Tax Board, notify the Social Security Administration if the decedent was receiving monthly social security, prepare the decedent’s final income tax returns.  It’s a challenging task to identify and manage all of the duties involved. 


  • Identify the heirs and beneficiaries. 

Identifying the heirs and beneficiaries can be challenging.  It is usually decided by the terms of a will (if there is one), by state law if there is no will or if there is a problem with the will, or by other estate planning documents like beneficiary designations, living trusts or join tenancy arrangements.  There can be problems with a will.  For example, if a will is out of date, and a beneficiary has already died.  Many people find that an attorney can provide assistance in this key step of identifying heirs and beneficiaries. 


  • Inventory the property of the person who has died.

Make a list of assets and debts, which includes real property like a home or a farm, and personal which can be tangible property like cars, furniture, etc or intangible property, like stocks and bonds.  Find out how it is owned and the value of the property or debt on the date of death.  Consider whether the property is shared with perhaps a spouse or a business partner. 


  • Determine the best transfer process. 


When you’ve made your list of all the property, to whom it should be transferred, and what the value of it is, then final step is to determine the procedure for transfer.  There may be simplified procedures available or it may have to be done formally in probate court. 


Death is difficult, and the legal process for handling the estate can be confusing and stressful to deal with on your own. The Law Office of David Knecht, at 707-451-4502, can help you navigate the sometimes complex and confusing steps in settling the estate when someone dies.  Contact us today. 


Can You Use Simplified Procedures to Transfer an Estate?

When a loved one passes and you face the task of settling their legal and financial affairs, you may be wondering if you need to go to probate court to obtain title to the property.  The answer to this question can be complex and depends on a variety of factors such as the amount of money involved, the type of property and who is claiming the property.

Did the decedent designate a beneficiary? 


If the person who passed (called a decedent), named on or more beneficiaries to receive the asset, then a simplified procedure may be used to transfer the property.  Common examples of this situation would be life insurance proceeds, retirement accounts, pensions, annuities, bank accounts, stock accounts or property in a living trust. 

How was the property owned?


Another important factor is looking at the type of title ownership, or in other words, how the property was owned.  For example, was the property owned in a joint tenancy such that the surviving owner gets the entire property?  Was the property community property with the right of survivorship, such that the surviving spouse or partner would likely get the entire asset

Was the property community property?


The community property analysis may not be as simple, however.  An example is if the asset appears to community property without an explicit right of survivorship and whether a will designating that the property be divided in other ways.  It’s important in community property situations to ensure that the property was not somehow changed to separate property through agreement or otherwise. 

What type of benefit is involved?


Certain types of benefits can usually be collected without probate court.  These include benefits such as social security survivor benefits or benefits as a dependent of a deceased veteran. 

Find Answers to Your Questions

California Courts have publicly available resources explaining the probate process at, but these resources are often insufficient to answer every question.  Contact the Law Office of David Knecht, at 707-451-4502. We have extensive experience and can help make this process easier to navigate. 


What is Probate and What Are the Steps?

Probate means that there is a court case that deals with deciding if a will exists or is valid, figuring out who the decedent’s heirs or beneficiaries are, assessing how much the property is worth, taking care o the decedent’s financial responsibilities and transferring the property to the heirs or beneficiaries.  

In a probate case, the executor (if there is a will) of an administrator (if there is no will) is appointed by the court as a personal representative to collect assets, pay the debts and expenses, and then distribute the remainder of the estate to those who have the legal right to inherit.  All this is under the supervision of the court.  The entire case can take between 9 months to 1.5 years, perhaps longer or shorter. 

This article which summarizes information from the California Courts found at,  will give you an overview of the steps you need to take when a case must go through the probate process.  For help navigating the system and answers to your questions, please contact the Law Office of David Knecht, at 707-451-4502. We have extensive experience and can help you fulfill your responsibilities to the estate and to the memory of your loved one. 

  1. Within 30 days of person’s death, take the original will to the probate court clerk’s office and send a copy of the will to the executor or to a person named in the will as a beneficiary if the executor cannot be found. 
  2. The petitioner must start a case by filing a Petition for Probate and any other required forms in the county where the person who died lived (or in the California county where that person owned property if the person lived outside California). 
  3. Certain steps ensue after the case is filed, including a hearing date, notice requirements to various parties, and paperwork review by the examiner or the judge.
  4. The personal representative gathers assets and prepares an inventory and appraisal form.  An appraisal of nonmonetary assets often will also be needed.
  5. Creditors are formally notified and debts are paid.
  6. A final income tax return is prepared for the person who died.
  7. The probate court figures out who gets what property.
  8. The personal representative may be required to file additional forms to confirm the sales of real property.
  9. A final estate tax return is required under certain circumstances.
  10. The personal representative reports to the court on how the estate was handled and a hearing is typically held for the court’s review.

After all the filings are reviewed and the judge is satisfied that everyone received their property properly from the estate, the court discharges the personal representative from his or her duties.




How to Understand the Words Used in Probate Cases

Losing a loved one is heart-breaking, and this time of mourning can be even more challenging for the family or friends that now have the responsibility to manage the property that is left behind.  Probate is the court process for distributing the assets, paying debts, and settling the financial affairs of the person who has passed.  It is an area of the law with its own vocabulary, and understanding the terms will help you navigate the system.  The definitions below can also be found on

The Law Office of David W. Knecht helps trustees and executors administer trusts and probates.  We will spend time with you explaining the process and tasks involved in successfully administering a trust or probate estate.  We also prepare Wills, Living Trusts, Durable Powers of Attorney and Advance Health Care Directives to meet client’s estate planning needs.  Additionally, we represent clients in trust litigation and will contests, representing trustees, executors, beneficiaries and other intended parties.  Contact us at David Knecht Law at 707=451-4502 for help with any probate needs. 

Administrator: the person (usually the spouse, domestic partner, or close relative) that the court appoints to manage the estate of person who dies without a Will. The administrator is also called the personal representative of the estate. 

Beneficiary: a person who inherits when there is a Will. 

Decedent: the person who died. 

Decedent’s Estate: all real and personal property that a person owned at the time of death. 

Executor: a person named in a Will and appointed by the court to carry out the dead person’s wishes. The executor is also called the personal representative of the estate. 

Heir: a person who inherits when there is no Will. 

Holographic Will: a Will that is handwritten, dated and signed by the person writing the Will. 

Intestate: when someone dies without leaving a Will. 

Intestate succession: the order of who inherits property when someone dies without a Will. 

Living Trust: a trust set up during the life of a person to distribute money or property to another person or organization. 

Personal Property: things like cash, stocks, jewelry, clothing, furniture, or cars. Personal Representative: the administrator or executor that the court appoints to manage the estate. 

Probate: The court process for distributing a dead person’s assets, paying debts owed by the dead person, and settling the financial affairs of people when they die. 

Real Property: buildings and land. Successor: anyone who has the legal right to receive property of a person who dies, either under the Will or the Probate Code. 

Testate: when someone dies leaving a Will. Trust: an arrangement where property is given to someone to be held for the benefit of another person. 

Will: a legal paper that lists a person’s wishes about what will happen to his or her property after death.

Contact David Knecht Law at 707-451-4502, we are happy to walk you through what you need to know and guide you through each step of the probate process. 


5 Important Estate Planning Documents to Have in Place During the COVID-19 Pandemic

The unfortunate reality of the current global pandemic is that anyone can find themselves sick in the hospital and possibly no longer able to make their own financial or medical decisions. Because of this, the last thing that anyone wants is to become incapacitated without the proper estate planning documents in place.

Read on to discover what we consider the five most essential documents you should either create or update during the current COVID-19 outbreak to protect yourself, your property, and your loved ones.



Your will is the legal document that instructs how to distribute your assets after your death and appoints guardians for any dependents or minor children. Dying without a will leaves your assets and property in the hands of your state’s laws.

It is also recommended that you review all beneficiary designations for retirement plans and life insurance to ensure that they are current.

Healthcare Power of Attorney

It’s essential to authorize someone you trust to make medical decisions on your behalf in case of a medical emergency that leaves you incapacitated and unable to communicate your own wishes. A durable power of attorney for health care permits you to make such an authorization.

Living Will:


A living will is sometimes called an advance care directive. This document outlines the kind of medical care you want if you are terminally ill. For instance, you can make it known whether you want to be kept alive on life-support systems, such as a respirator or feeding tube. You can also include instructions for organ donation.

Durable Financial Power of Attorney:


You also may want to make sure that your family has some kind of access to your finances in order to pay bills and medical expenses if you are unable to do so on your own. That’s why another important document to prepare is your financial power of attorney. This document gives someone the authority to handle financial transactions on your behalf if you become incapacitated.

HIPAA Authorization: 


The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) sets federal privacy rules for medical records. However, if you’re hospitalized, you may want your spouse, children, or other close relatives to be able to communicate freely with doctors and nurses and find out how you’re doing. That’s why you may want a release document for records authorizing certain people to have rights to disclosure of your medical records.

Contact Us:

As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to actively spread through California, make sure you have the above documents in place and up-to-date, especially if you are an individual at high-risk of serious illness or death from Coronavirus.

David Knecht has extensive experience preparing Wills, Living Trusts, Durable Powers of Attorney, and Advance Health Care Directives to meet your estate planning needs. Contact David Knecht Law at 707-451-4502 today to learn more about these documents or schedule an estate planning consultation. 


The Importance of Up-To-Date Estate Planning During a Pandemic


Let’s be honest. 2020 has been a terrible, horrible, no good, very bad year. The COVID-19 pandemic has particularly made 2020 a nightmare for people across the globe. 

At times like this, thoughts of sitting down and taking care of your estate planning are probably not at the forefront of your mind. However, if you fall ill, the last thing you want to be dealing with is attorneys gathering around your hospital bed trying to finalize your estate plan. In times like these, it’s best to prepare for the worst and contact your attorney to update your estate planning documents and arrangements.

Read on to see why having a will and estate plan is more important than ever during these unprecedented times.

Have you been procrastinating?  

Procrastination is normal. No one wants to think about dying or becoming incapacitated, and it’s easy to push your end-of-life planning aside.

However, these days, many of us have more time and flexibility in our schedules than usual. And with a deadly virus spreading through California and the world, you don’t want to risk something happening to you without having a proper plan in place. So now is the time to stop procrastinating and instead prioritize creating or updating your trust or will. This is especially true for high-risk groups such as medical professionals, first responders, and the elderly or other compromised individuals.

Are your loved ones, assets, and personal desires protected? 

Many people only think of estate planning in the context of the wealthy or elderly. However, anyone over the age of 18 should start thinking about their estate plan. This is true regardless of your income level, marital status, or number of children. No matter your situation, it’s crucial to take steps to protect your loved ones, your property, and your personal wishes in your will or trust.

Here are some key areas to consider covering in your estate planning documents:

  • Clarifying the distribution of your assets
  • Naming guardians for minors and dependents
  • Laying out a long-term health care plan
  • Arranging for important family keepsakes and personal items
  • Communicating final wishes, funeral arrangements, and burial requests

Do you need peace of mind? 

During times like these, many people’s emotional and mental health suffers. People are worried about their health and safety, their job security, their financial situation, and their ability to engage in social activities in the future.

Because of this, the last thing that anyone needs is for a lack of personal estate planning to add to their anxiety and stress. Meeting with an attorney and making sure that your loved ones and property are taken care of can bring you that extra peace of mind you may be needing.

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As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to actively spread through California, stay on top of things and make sure your estate plan is up-to-date. Contact David Knecht Law today to schedule an estate planning consultation.


5 Considerations for People Going Through a Divorce During the COVID-19 Pandemic

When COVID-19 put many portions of the country under lockdown and social restrictions this year, people found themselves spending a lot more time at home. While many have enjoyed the experience of working from home and being quarantined with their family members, the forced togetherness has certainly not been good for some marriages and relationships. Indeed, by April 2020, the interest in divorce had already increased by 34% in the United States. 

If you find yourself going through a divorce this year, read on to discover five important issues we recommend that you take under consideration.



The global and national economies have seen significant effects and instability as a result of fears related to COVID-19. If you’re currently in the process of negotiating the allocation of assets and finances during your divorce, it’s important to be mindful of the impact the economy and market may have on these assets.

Financial Obligations:


For divorcing spouses who have lost their employment due to the COVID-19 pandemic, there are likely questions and concerns surrounding financial obligations such as alimony or child support payments. If you’ve suffered a change in financial circumstances, it’s important to address your situation with your attorney to see if anything can be modified or done to alleviate some financial pressure.

Health Insurance:


Now is certainly not an ideal time to be without medical insurance coverage. If you’re going through a divorce, keep in mind that your health insurance plan will likely need to change if you were a member of your former spouse’s health insurance policy. Make sure you know your situation and your options before the divorce is finalized.

Parenting Concerns and Communication:


For divorcing spouses with children, now is the time to set aside any animosity and cooperate with each other in the best interests of their children. It’s crucial that each parent stay updated and provide notice to the other parent of any health-related changes impacting their child or whether anyone in their respective homes has tested positive for the COVI-19 virus. Parents should also timely share Coronavirus-related information received from their children’s school or extra-curricular activities.

Court Operations:


For those who need certain divorce matters addressed in court or in a mediation, they may have found certain court dates and meetings being postponed or altered due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This is something for anyone in the middle of divorce proceedings to be aware of and to discuss with their attorney.

Contact Us:

A divorce is never easy. The events of 2020 have undoubtedly made family law issues even more difficult. However, a knowledgeable family law attorney can assist you with the legal issues surrounding your divorce, especially any new concerns or questions that have arisen during the COVID-19 pandemic.

David W. Knecht has years of experience handling various divorce cases in California. Contact David Knecht Law at 707-451-4502 today to learn more or schedule a consultation. 


How to Know You Selected the Right Trust Administration Attorney 


Trust administration is the management of property after the settlor’s death according to the trust document’s terms and for the benefit of the beneficiaries. It can be overwhelming, time-consuming, and confusing. That’s why an experienced trust administration attorney is recommended to help trustees navigate the process and understand their obligations. 

Here at the Law Offices of David W. Knecht, we have extensive experience in assisting with the administration of trusts. Read on to learn about some of the most important characteristics of a good trust administration attorney!

  • Thoroughly explains your duties as trustee: The main challenge for a trustee is that they have ethical responsibilities in handling another’s financial affairs, but they often are first-time trustees and do not know what is required and expected of them. In the worst case scenario, an inexperienced trustee will end up personally liable for mistakes. The best way to prevent that from happening and to achieve success with the trust is to have an experienced trust administration attorney thoroughly explain your obligations and duties.


  • Guides you through the entire process: Trust administration involves a range of estate planning tasks, including providing required notices to beneficiaries, handling tax issues, protecting assets and facilitating their proper distribution, managing debts and liabilities, etc. An experienced attorney will be able to answer your trust administration questions, review your specific situation, and help you throughout the entire process.   


  • Clarity: Trust administration leaves a lot on a trustee’s plate. The last thing you need is an attorney who uses technical and confusing “legalese” that simply adds to your stress. An experienced attorney will be able to simplify the trust administration process for you and explain your responsibilities and goals in a clear, straightforward way.  


  • Responds to you quickly: Besides being able to communicate clearly, a great trust administration attorney will also make himself available to promptly respond to you, answer your questions, and assist you with your needs.  


  • Comfort and trust: An attorney-client relationship, like any relationship, needs to feel comfortable. Through the often stressful and emotionally-taxing trust administration process, you need to feel comfortable sharing all important information about the trust, asking the questions on your mind, and seeking help during the administration of the trust whenever needed. 

For trustees beginning the process of administering a trust, let an attorney who knows what he’s doing help you with the next steps. Contact David Knecht Law today to schedule a consultation and learn more!