How to Get Your Separate Property Down Payment Back

A situation that arises fairly often in a California divorce is when separate property is used for a down payment of a house and then community property funds is used to pay the mortgage, and the question arises how to get that separate property down payment back. Section 2640 of the California Family Code answers this question.


What types of contributions are covered by Section 2640?

  • Down payments
  • Payments for improvements
  • Payments that reduce the principal of a loan used to finance the purchase or improvement of the property

What types of contributions are not covered by Section 2640?

  • Payments of interest on the loan
  • Payments made for maintenance, insurance or taxes on the property

What is the process?


  • The law requires tracing, which means that you need to prove that the funds came from either separate property or were inherited, which can be shown various ways such as bank statements or providing the will. 


 What are the exceptions?

  • The exceptions are a transmutation in writing (agreement between the spouses about the character of the property)  or a written waiver of the right to reimbursement. 


  • The amount reimbursed must be without interest or adjustment for change in monetary values and cannot exceed the net value of the property at the time of the division. 


Consult the Law Office of David Knecht

If you need help getting your separate down payment back in a California divorce, or if you need assistance in any other aspect of divorce in California, contact us at the Law Office of David Knecht at 707-451-4502. We have extensive experience in family law.  


High Profile Estate Cases

There have been some very interesting high profile estate cases lately, and this article will highlight a few that have been in the news. They show the importance of estate planning and also good communication with loved ones. 


Prince’s estate is finally settled after 6 years.

  • Prince did not leave a will, which lead to a legal battle over his estate.
  • Prince’s lawyer, L. Londell McMillan, is quoted as saying that he is “relieved and thrilled to finally be done with the Probate Court system and bankers who do not know the music business and did not know Prince.”
  • The Estate was valued at 156.4 million dollars. 
  • A Minnesota judge has approved a deal that will divide the estate evenly between two legal entities, one of which is controlled by Prince’s half siblings


  • Read the full story here: 


Country singer, Naomi Judd left her daughters out her will. 

  • Naomi Judd, of the Grammy-winning duo, the Judds, died at 76 of suicide. 


  • The Judds were soon to be inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame at the time of her death. 


  • The country music singer named her husband as executor of the estate with full authority and discretion to do as he sees fit with the estate. 



The Estate of Michael Jackson has made $2 B in 13 years since his death

  • As reported by the Sun, Michael Jackson’s estate has made 2 billion dollars in the years since his death, despite being homeless in some of his final months. 


  • What is the reason for the turn around? Recall that at the time of Michael Jacksons death, Neverland was facing foreclosure. As per estate lawyer Jeryll S. Cohen: “The Executors have been able to create exceptional and unique opportunities that did not exist at the time of Michael Jackson’s death to generate substantial revenue…”


Consult the Law Office of David Knecht

The mishaps and successes of the rich and famous highlight the need for proper estate planning when many assets are involved, but estate planning is also important for the average person who wants to make sure that their loved ones know their wishes and properly divide what they leave behind. If you are interested in getting started on an estate plan, or if you need help updating an existing plan, please contact the Law Office of David Knecht at 707-451-4502. We have extensive experience in estate planning and can help you make decisions that are right for your loved ones and you. 

2022 Estate Planning Statistics

If you have not yet made time for estate planning or if you have put off updating an existing plan, you are not alone. Recent research published at indicates that although more than half of Americans think a will is important, less than 33% have a will or a trust in place. That means 2 out of 3 Americans are not covered with an estate plan. This article will highlight other interesting findings from the research and suggest ways to move forward with estate planing. 

What are some of the most interesting findings from the 2022 study? 

  • 50% more young adults now have estate planning documents since pre-pandemic
  • The typical reason cited for not estate planning amongst young people is lack of assets
  • Other reasons cited for not estate planning are 
    • Not knowing how to do a will 
    • Concerns that the process is too expensive
  • For those with the highest earnings, the main reason for delay is just simply procrastination – not getting around to it
  • Higher education correlates with seeking estate planning – about half of those with a postgraduate degree have a plan in place

 Inflation concerns may be another key factor for estate planning delay in 2022.

 What does the research show are the first steps to estate planning? 

  • The most common first step that respondents indicated was talking to a loved one. 
  • Online research was also an initial step.

What are the three main estate planning documents highlighted in the research? 

  • Wills – this is the most common type of estate document according to the survey. It can be used to divide property, guardianship, debts and more. 
  • Trusts – according to the article, trusts are useful to avoid probate, provide more support than wills for larger estates or for those who might expect a disability. A trust can take effect during life, as opposed to a will, that determines rights at death. A trust is typically more complex and expensive than a will.   
  • Advanced directives – this provides a person’s wishes regarding end of life or what happens in the event of incapacity. They are intended to take effect during life, not at death. The survey found that only 1 in 5 people knew what an advanced healthcare directive is, which indicates lack of education on this important estate planning component. 

Consult the Law Office of David Knecht

If you are one of the many people in California who need to get started on estate planning, then you would benefit from using an attorney with experience in estate planning in California. Contact Law Office of David Knecht. Call us at 707-451-4502. We have extensive experience with estate planning and can help you. 

Chadwick Boseman, Star of “Black Panther,” Dies Without a Will

Is it surprising that the actor Chadwick Boseman, who starred in Marvel’s “Black Panther,” died without a will?

Perhaps, yes, because his estate was large. CNBC reported that it was 2.3 million. But perhaps no, because according to a 2021 Gallup poll, only 36% of Americans between the ages of 30 and 49 indicated that they have a will that describes their wishes for their assets after death.

This article will highlight some interesting facts about the life of Chadwick Boseman and the division of his estate and share some tips about what life events might trigger a desire to get started on estate planning. 


Boseman’s widow, the musician Taylor Simone Ledward asked to split the 2.3 million estate between herself and his parents.


  • So far there has not been news that there has been a legal challenge to her decision. 
  • The L.A. Times reported here that Boseman’s widow requested an even split with the parents: 


 Boseman’s widow was able to honor him at the Gotham Awards. 

  • In January 2021, Ledward was able to honor Chadwick Boseman when he received a posthumous tribute “in acknowledgment not only of his profound work but of his impact on the industry and the world.”


  • She extolled his life, “He was able to give himself over fully in every moment to be totally present in his own life and in the lives of people he became.”

Are their life events that would be a good time to consider estate planning to avoid the Chadwick Boseman situation of passing away without a will? Yes, this summary from can help you see if it’s time to consider estate planning:


  • Upon turning 18, is the first life event where estate planning could be considered.
  • When you have accumulated money or other assets. 
  • When you get married, divorced or remarried. 
  • When you have children.
  • After you start a business.
  • After you purchase a home.
  • If you have been diagnosed with a serious illness. 
  • If it’s been a while – experts recommend updating your estate plan every four to five years. 

Consult the Law Office of David Knecht

Boseman’s meaningful life and the peaceful division of his estate upon death were laudable, exemplar, and highly unusual, and we commend his widow and parents for sharing his wealth without reported strife. However, you may not want to risk depending on good will and sharing by your family members after death. It’s never an easy time to consider estate planning, but it can lead to a greater peace of mind for yourself and your heirs to follow through.  Contact Law Office of David Knecht. Call us at 707-451-4502. We have extensive experience in estate planning and can help you make decisions that are right for your loved ones and you. 

How Do I Make Charitable Giving Part of My Estate Plan?

xIs there a charity or a cause that really speaks to your heart? Do you want to make a difference in the world even after you are gone? If so, you may be wondering how to put your charitable giving desires into effect with your estate plan. This article will give you ideas of how to accomplish charitable giving and where to start. For more information on estate planning.


Make an outright bequest.

  • This is probably the easiest method for supporting causes you love through your estate plan. 
  • Typically, this method would involve identifying and exact amount to give to a specific charity and specifying that in your will. 


Donations in lieu of flowers when you die.

  • You can ask friends and family to leave a gift to a certain foundation in lieu of flowers when you die. 
  • This can be a good way to not only fund-raise for your favorite charity, but also to bring awareness and public support for the charity also. 


Name beneficiaries for non-probate assets. 

  • Assets that do not go through probate include assets held in trust, life insurance policy payouts, and retirement accounts and pensions  
  • You can name the beneficiary on these accounts as the charity or charities that you want to support. 
  • As a note of caution on this one, though, your loved ones may want to inherit these types of assets because tax benefits may be involved.


Can I remain anonymous in my charitable giving?

  • Prior to 2021, California had a law requiring nonprofits to file a list of their large donors with the state. The U.S. Supreme Court in a 2021 decision struck down California’s law, thus siding with donors who may have a desire to remain anonymous. Consult the Law Office of David Knecht


At the  Law Office of David Knecht, we have extensive experience with estate planning and can help you accomplish charitable giving or a plan that accomplishes the purposes you have in mind. We will perform a one-on-one evaluation to help you create an estate plan that is customized for your needs. Call us at 707-451-4502.


Imputation of Income for Child Support and Alimony in a California Divorce

A common issue in child support and alimony cases in a California divorce is imputation of income. This article will explain the concept of imputation of income and provide an overview of some of the basics in this area of divorce law. For a deep read on these issues, go to this article, “Kids, Custody and Alimony” from the Journal of Contemporary Legal Issues.

When does imputation of income typically become an issue?

  • In child support or alimony cases
  • When one spouse claims that the other refuses to work or is underemployed. 
  • The court has discretion to assign an income to that person consistent with their earning capacity, ability and income earning opportunities

Does imputation only apply to employment? 

  • No, the imputation can also relate to assets. 
  • The court can also look at income producing assets and impute a reasonable rate of return to historically non-income producing investment assets.
  • For example, if money is in the bank and not earning any interest, a family law judge does have discretion to assign a reasonable rate of return to that investment. 

Is the imputed income added to the actual income?

  • Typically the imputed income is not in addition to the actual income but in lieu of the actual income when it comes to employment.
  • However the judge does have discretion to add the imputed income from assets to imputed income from employment.  

Is there a case that can help me understand how imputation works in a divorce case?

  • An interesting case from the California Court of Appeals 2001, In Re Marriage of Cheriton,  involving imputation of income from employment and investments can be found here:  

Consult the Law Office of David Knecht

Cases that involve imputation of income from employment or assets can be complex. If you need help with child support, alimony or any other issue in a California divorce, please contact us at the  Law Office of David Knecht. We have extensive experience with estate planning and can create a customized and effective estate plan just for you. Call us at 707-451-4502.

Property and Debt Division in a California Divorce

In a California divorce, even if the parties agree, a judge has to approve the division of property and debts through an order. You don’t necessarily have to go to court because a judge could approve an agreement between you and your spouse. If the parties don’t agree, the judge can make a determination for you at a hearing or a trial. Information in this article will help you better understand and debt division in a California divorce with information sourced from online resources provided atx. 


  • What is property? 


  • Property has a formal definition, but in general it is anything that you can own, buy or sell. This includes real estate, bank accounts, life insurance, retirement and more. 



  • What are the categories of property and debts?


  • Community property is generally what you own together during your marriage and the debts that you owe together during your marriage. 


  • Separate property is generally what you each owned individually before you were married or after you separated and any gifts or inheritance or any debts you incurred before or after your marriage. 



  • Why is the date of separation important for categorizing assets and debts?


  • The date of separation is important because generally, from that day forward, what you or your spouse earned or loans that you take out are no longer community property. 



  •  What are the rules for the date of separation?


  • The separation date is the day that one of you let the other one know (by actions or words) that they wanted to end the marriage, provided that after that day, your or their actions were consistent with wanting the marriage to be over. 



  •  How can I tell if something is community property?
  • Generally, community property is anything you earned while married, anything you bought while married and debt that you incurred while married. 


Consult the Law Office of David Knecht

Property and debt division is one of the most important aspects of a divorce for most people. The information in this article is very general, but an experienced family law attorney can help you make your case to get the property to which you are entitled and fight to prevent your being saddled with debt that isn’t yours. Please contact us at the  Law Office of David Knecht. We have extensive experience with divorce and family law issues and can answer your questions. Call us at 707-451-4502.


Inheritance, Estate Planning and Charitable Giving: 4 Strategies to Reduce Taxes Now

MarketWatch recently published a great opinion piece entitled “Inheritance, estate planning and charitable giving: 4 strategies to reduce taxes now.” This article summarizes the strategies share in the article, but the full text can be found at this link:  


  • Offsetting Capital Gains


  • Capital gains are profit you make from selling an asset that has appreciated since you first obtained it.
  • These gains are taxed.
  • If you hold the asset more than a year, they are taxed at a rate lower than ordinary income. 
  • Losses on your assets can help reduce tax liability. 
  • Take away:  Do not wait to look strategically at how to harvest tax losses to offset gains until the end of the year. Engage in proactive review of your stocks throughout the year to evaluate the best course of action and to see if there are ways to take advantage of market volatility during times of decline.



  • Evaluating Roth Conversions


  • A Roth IRA conversion changes when the taxes are due and Roth IRA conversions are becoming increasingly popular. 
  • With a tradition al 401(k) or traditional IRA, the taxes are paid on the back end when you withdraw the money. 
  • With a Roth IRA conversion, you owe taxes on the amount you convert up front, which is difficult, but then the converted amount is able to grow tax free and you do not pay taxes at the time of withdrawals. 
  • Example from the MarketWatch article:  A client had 1 million dollars in a traditional IRA. She converted it to a Roth IRA, which required her to pay $500,000 in taxes on the front end instead of paying taxes when she taxes a distribution or when her beneficiaries inherit the account. But now, the 1 million in the Roth can grow tax free, which is an asset she can lean on during retirement of pass on to heirs. (Noe, a Roth IRA must be open for five years and the individual must be at least 591/2 years old to take the money out tax free). 
  • Take away:  Evaluate what taxes you can afford to pay up front and determine whether a Roth Conversion makes sense for your goals for retirement or for your goals for your heirs. 



  • Maximizing Charitable Giving


  • There are many ways for clients to be charitable and use new tools for tax exemptions.
  • “DAF” – Donor Advised Funds are third-party funds that are created for the purposes of giving to charity.
  • “RMD”-Your required minimum distribution, “RMD”  is the minimum amount you must withdraw from your Traditional IRA each year. You can give this to charity and reap tax benefits. 
  • Take away:  Consider how charitable giving can accomplish your altruistic objectives while taking advantage of tax exemptions.  



  •  “Giving While Living” to Family and Friends


  • Giving while living is a popular estate planning tool.
  • You can give up to $16,000 to any other person, that money is not taxed, and the person who receives it gets the full amount of the gift
  • Take away:  Giving to family and friends while you are alive is a way to enjoy estate planning while you are around to see the joy that your gift brings to your loved one. 

Consult the Law Office of David Knecht

Connecting with professionals who understand tax saving tools, who can explain the options to you, and who can create the right plan for your needs and goals is essential for effective estate planning.  Property and debt division is one of the most important aspects of a divorce for most people. Please contact us at the  Law Office of David Knecht. We have extensive experience with estate planning and can create a customized and effective estate plan just for you. Call us at 707-451-4502.

If the Market is Down, is it the Right Time for a Roth Conversion?

A Roth conversion is a tool for transferring money from one investment tool into a Roth IRA. When the stock market is down, investors can consider whether the conversion makes sense for their tax planning, investment goals, and estate planning needs. This article is not intended to provide legal or financial advice, but will summarize information published online which may assist you in working with your legal or financial advising professional to create a plan that is right for you. 


  • What is a Roth conversion?


Why might a Roth conversion be appealing when my stock portfolio is down?

  • With a Roth conversion, the account owner has to pay income tax on the money they convert. 
  • If your stock is down, the amount calculated for income tax will be lower. 
  • For example, if you purchased stocks for $100,000, but now they are only worth $75,000, then a Roth conversion at that time would only involve income tax on the $75,000 amount. 


 Why might a Roth conversion be appealing for estate planning in California purposes?

  • The Roth IRA conversion is a strategy to pass IRA assets to non-spousal beneficiaries either directly or as continent beneficiaries upon the death of a surviving spouse. 
  • It is a way to prepay taxes for the beneficiaries. 
  • For more discussion about this strategy, consult these resources:


Where can I find information on the other pros and cons of a Roth conversion?





Consult the Law Office of David Knecht

At the  Law Office of David Knecht,, we have extensive experience with estate planning and can help you understand and evaluate the various tools for effectuating your wishes and efficiently preparing for the transfer of your estate. We will perform a one-on-one evaluation to help you create an estate plan that is customized for your needs. Call us at 707-451-4502.


Avoiding Living Trust Mills: A Warning from the Office of the Attorney General for California

The State of California Department of Justice provides information to consumers on estate planning scams on its website:

This article will summarize the information published by the Attorney General on this website about how to identify and avoid estate planning fraud. Although in depth information will be provided below, one good way to avoid fraud is to only do business with reputable estate planning service providers. At the Law Office of David Knecht, all attorneys are licensed by the State Bar of California. We have extensive experience with estate planning and you can trust us to provide honest and accurate information. Contact us at 707-451-4502.


  •  What is a living trust?
  • A living trust is an estate planning tool that allows you to control your money and property during life and then have it distributed to your desired recipients (people or organization), when you pass away. 




  • Why do you need to be careful in choosing someone to help you create a living trust?


  • Estate planning involves important legal, financial and personal decision-making. If estate planning documents are not properly created and executed, the consequences may be that your wishes are not properly followed or there may be tax or other unintended consequences.



  • What should you look for in filtering through choices of estate planning professionals?


  • Confirm whether the person who claims to be licensed actually is licensed.
  • Obtain identification from the professional you are working with to confirm that they are who they profess to be. 
  • Be wary of any professional who is pushing selling you one single product rather than helping you consider a variety of options. 
  • Watch for scare tactics to try to motivate you to jump into something without a lot of time and thought. 
  • Look for someone who is trying to sell annuities as well as trusts. Seniors can find themselves trapped in an annuity that doesn’t pay out until a far future date. 
  • Know your cancelation rights. For more information on cancelation rights for sales that occur in your home, go to



  •  What are some signs of a living trust mill?


  • Scammers working for “living trust mills” may try to sell you an unnecessary living trust oryou’re your financial information to sell you products that are inferior to your current investments. 
  • Scammers often target seniors with “free” seminars at assisted living facilities, churches, vacation resorts and any other places where seniors gather. 
  • Be wary of “one size fits all” approaches to estate planning. Not every person needs a living trust, and if the professional you are working with is not taking time to find our your particular assets and needs, then that is a red flag. 

Consult the Law Office of David Knecht

At the  Law Office of David Knecht,, we understand the importance of creating an environment of trust and confidence. We will perform a one-on-one evaluation to help you create an estate plan that is customized for your needs. Call us at 707-451-4502.